While ISIS is being pushed underground in Iraq and Syria, the number of fighters pledging loyalty to the group appears to be growing in Afghanistan.
Getting away with murder On 19 March, Farkhunda was lynched by an angry mob on the streets of Kabul. She had been falsely accused of burning the Quran. In a swift trial, four men were sentenced to death, eight to 16 years in prison. The Farkhunda trial is a statistical outlier.
In Afghanistan, few men are punished for violence against women. Farkhunda Malikzada was a 27 year old Afghan woman who was brutally attacked and killed near the Shah-e Du Shamshira mosque in central Kabul. She had been arguing with a shrine keeper about his practice of selling charms at the mosque, and he falsely accused her of burning a copy of the Quran.
Hearing the accusations, angry men flocked to the mosque and attacked her. She was beaten with sticks and stones and ran over with a car. Her body was dumped on the banks of the Kabul river and set afire.
In a remarkably swift trial in early May, the judge handed down sentences for 30 of the defendants. Four men were sentenced to death, eight men to 16 years in prison, and 18 were acquitted. The murder of Farkhunda has become a symbol of violence against women and the lack of protection for women in Afghanistan.
Despite widespread abuse and violence against women, few men are punished. The prosecution and conviction rates for rape are low, the prosecution and conviction rates for beating, virtually non-existent.
Some steps have been taken in order to protect women from violence and abuse. The law identifies 22 acts of violence against women, like rape, prostitution and forced marriage, and advises prison sentences for several of the acts that are criminalized in the law.
Yet, despite massive political interest and debate, the implementation has been limited. In a new study in collaboration with RIWPSshe takes a closer look at the numbers behind violence against women in Afghanistan. Pride and prejudice Wimpelmann is concerned that many of these incidents, even the gravest ones, are never reported.
Violence against women is prevalent and the hidden figures are extremely high. Why is the threshold for reporting violence and abuse so high?
And why are so few prosecuted and convicted for violence against women? Is it due to prejudice among justice officials? There are as many stories as there are women. The sensitive character of allegations of violence complicates the picture.
Criminal claims have been known to become pawns in family conflicts that are really about something completely different. Claim rapes have turned out to be a matter of wanting dowry or restoring honour. Women have also used criminal charges as a leverage for civil claims.
In some cases, women report to be victims of violence, but they are not interested in pursuing criminal cases, but rather to obtain a divorce, which is difficult for Afghan women, or other civil claims such as alimony or a residence separate from co-wives or in-laws.
Lowered threshold for reporting violence It has been challenging to find data about the number of cases and convictions. Yet, a clear pattern has emerged. Preliminary findings in four provinces show that in a caseload of reported cases, only ended with a conviction.
The numbers also show that there is a big difference between the provinces. In Kabul province, conviction rates for violence against women are low. In the conservative province of Khost, there is a massive conviction rate. These figures may seem surprising, but if you have a closer look at the types of cases, the explanation is as straightforward as it is discouraging.
Beatings or rape are rarely reported, and if they are, the perpetrators are not likely to be prosecuted, says Wimpelmann. The failure to prosecute and convict perpetrators has been seen as a deficit of the government not pushing sufficiently.
Yet, Wimpelmann is cautious about drawing preliminary conclusions. The threshold for reporting violence and abuse has been lowered, and many of the prosecutors have been quite sensitive and supportive as far as we can tell, she says.
The surge in the number of reported cases may be an indication that violence against women increasingly is seen as a public matter.
However, this is not only a matter of economy.Sep 10, · The International Criminal Court was created in to prosecute perpetrators of war crimes, crimes against and crimes against humanity in Afghanistan, and vicious blackmail. "The most effective violence against women is the threat to take the children away and because for women, with their motherly nature, having to endure being away from their children is the worst.
The implementation by law enforcement officials of Afghanistan’s landmark Law on the Elimination of Violence Against Women remained poor, with many cases of violence against women ignored.
This incident reflects typical crimes and injustices against women in the Third World countries. Crimes against women include abuse, slavery, false imprisonment, murder and rape.
The Rate of Vicious Crime Against Women in Afghanistan, China and Iran PAGES 3. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: women rights. Not sure what. The Rate of Vicious Crime Against Women in Afghanistan, China and Iran ( words, 3 pages) This incident reflects typical crimes and injustices against women in the Third World countries.
Crimes against women include abuse, slavery, false imprisonment, murder and rape. Iran’s unemployment rate has been above 10 percent for the last 10 years, and this rate is estimated to have peaked in , when estimates reached 14 percent.