Due to the growing power of Athens, Spartan waged a war against it that was called Peloponnesian War. The First Peloponnesian war broke around BC and the second and more intense, significant war took place around BC. The battles happened at both homeland and in foreign land. The prolonged and complex war proved detrimental for either sides.
Battle of Marathon After hearing a plea for help from Athens who were facing the Persians at Marathon in BC, Sparta decided to honor its laws and wait until the moon was full to send an army.
Battle of Thermopylae[ edit ] Main article: Battle of Thermopylae In the second campaign, conducted ten years later by XerxesSparta faced the same dilemma. The Persians inconveniently chose to attack during the Olympic truce which the Spartans felt they must honor.
Other Greek states which lacked such scruples were making a major effort to assemble a fleet - how could Sparta not contribute on land when others were doing so much on sea? From this interpretation, Sparta believed that the defense of Thermopylae was hopeless and wished to make a stand at the Isthmus, but they had to go through the motions or Athens might ally itself with Persia.
Ideally, they would wish to fight at the Isthmus where they would avoid the risk of their infantry being caught in the open by the Persian cavalry.
Battle of Plataea[ edit ] Main article: In the resulting Battle of Plataea the Greeks under the generalship of the Spartan Pausanias overthrew the lightly armed Persian infantry, killing Mardonius. Even though this war was won by a pan-Greek army, credit was given to Sparta, who besides being the protagonist at Thermopylae and Plataea, had been the de facto leader of the entire Greek expedition.
When this victory led to a revolt of the Ionian Greeks it was Sparta that rejected their admission to the Hellenic alliance.
Sparta proposed that they should abandon their homes in Anatolia and settle in the cities that had supported the Persians. However, his arrogant behavior forced his recall.
Pausanias had so alienated the Ionians that they refused to accept the successor, Dorcisthat Sparta sent to replace him. Instead those newly liberated from Persia turned to Athens. As a result of the Peloponnesian WarSparta, a traditionally continental culture, became a naval power.
At the peak of its power Sparta subdued many of the key Greek states and even managed to overpower the elite Athenian navy. By the end of the 5th century BC, it stood out as a state which had defeated the Athenian Empire and had invaded the Persian provinces in Anatolia, a period which marks the Spartan Hegemony.
Historical sources suggest that the death toll may have been as high as 20, although modern scholars suggest that this figure is likely an exaggeration. The earthquake sparked a revolt of the helots, the slave class of Spartan society.
Events surrounding this revolt led to an increase in tension between Sparta and their rival Athens and the cancellation of a treaty between them. After the troops of a relief expedition dispatched by conservative Athenians were sent back with cold thanks, Athenian democracy itself fell into the hands of reformers and moved toward a more populist and anti-Spartan policy.
Therefore, this earthquake is cited by historical sources as one of the key events that led up to the First Peloponnesian War. In the immediate aftermath, the helots saw an opportunity to rebel. This was followed by the siege of Ithome which the rebel helots had fortified.
Sparta began to fear that the Athenian troops might make common cause with the rebels. Providing the official justification that since the initial assault on Ithone had failed, what was now required was a blockade, a task the Spartans did not need Athenian help with. In Athens, this snub resulted in Athens breaking off its alliance with Sparta and allying with its enemy, Argos.
Certainly a system where citizens and non citizens fought together in the same regiments was unusual for Greece.
The Spartans had been using non-citizens as hoplites well before that and the proportion did not change. He doubts that the Spartans ever subscribed to the citizen only hoplite force ideal, so beloved by writers such as Aristotle. The strategies described prevailed at the beginning of the war.
Toward the end Persian intervention made possible a strong Spartan fleet that ultimately destroyed Athenian sea power. The Peloponnesian Wars were the protracted armed conflicts, waged on sea and land, of the last half of the 5th century BC between the Delian League controlled by Athens and the Peloponnesian League dominated by Sparta over control of the other Greek city-states.
The Delian League is often called "the Athenian Empire" by scholars. The Peloponnesian League believed it was defending itself against Athenian aggrandizement. The war had ethnic overtones that generally but not always applied: They were never fully trusted by the Spartans.
Ethnic animosity was fueled by the forced incorporation of small Dorian states into the Delian League, who appealed to Sparta.The Peloponnesian War (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
Historians have . Aug 21, · Watch video · Athens and Sparta, both powerful Greek city-states, had fought as allies in the Greco-Persian Wars between and B.C. In the wake of the Persian retreat, however, Athens grew more powerful.
|Citation Information||Brief Comparison between Sparta and Athens Ancestry The basic distinction between the two cultures is the ancestry so while the Spartans were descendants of the Dorian invaders, Athenians were of Ionian descent.|
|Athens Takes Control||The conflict began in BC and ended with utter defeat for Athens in BC as its naval empire was destroyed.|
|Peloponnesian War - Wikipedia||A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. For full treatment, see Ancient Greek civilization:|
|Peloponnesian War - HISTORY||Visit Website Abandoning its countryside to Spartan invaders B.|
|Check Out This Informative Sparta Vs. Athens Comparison Chart||WhatsApp Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. Lasting for more than a quarter of a century, it marked the end of the golden age of Greece.|
The war ended with Athens deprived of its mainland possessions but keeping its vast Aegean Empire intact. Both of Sparta's Kings were exiled for permitting Athens to regain Euboea and Sparta agreed to a Thirty Year rutadeltambor.com the treaty was broken when Sparta warred with Euboea.
A History of Sparta B.C. New York; London: W.W. Norton. The Peloponnesian War fought between ancient Athens and Sparta (who won) and their respective allies came in two stages, the first from c. to BCE and the second and more significant war from to .
When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta's supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in BC.
 It was never able to regain its military supremacy  and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in . War Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy.